Solar cells structured on the basis of perovskite crystals have prepared an unparalleled advanced in performance in the past years, but most of the research work on such gadgets has neglected the question of how stable they will function outdoors for longer periods of time. Now, two of the research groups have come up with distinct methods to enhance the stability of sole perovskite cell.
According to the details of such findings, one approach supplemented rubidium cations to perovskite. As believed by the experts, “This research might help to relax strain occurring in the lattice, leading to a more trouble-free and hassle-free overall crystal.” The lead author of the study, Michael Saliba confirms this. Besides being the head author of the study, she is a solar cell researcher at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne.
The device resulted out of this study reached to conversion efficiencies of levels reaching to maximum of 21.6 percent. In addition to this, “We identify some of the biggest open-circuit voltages for multiple recorded solar cell substance, implying that we are very near to the thermodynamical limit,” says Saliba. The open-circuit voltage is considered as the maximum level of voltage that is available from the solar cell.
In addition to this, such gadgets also maintained around 95 percent of their performance even at a temperature of 85 Degree Celsius and complete illumination after 500 hours. “Up till now, perovskite solar cells were just an academic subject, since the stability was never so much compatible with the industrial experimenting,” says Saliba. “Also, there is a very limited data at elevated temperature.”
The other approach is a fluorinated polymer coating, which can readily bring a solution to two of the most intricate degradation pathways that affect the long-term functionality of perovskite solar cells known as moisture-induced degradation and ultraviolet light-induced degradation,” says Gianmarco Griffini, co-head author of the study and also a materials engineer at the Milan polytechnic in Italy.
Griffini and his team experimented with organometal halide perovskite solar cells that have illustrated high conversion efficacy but do not withstand ultraviolet water or light. They prepared the layering on the gadgets utilizing a light-based curing method that only needed a couple of seconds and can be carried out at a room temperature.
The water repelling layering safeguards the solar cells from luminescent and water pigments inside the layering transformed ultraviolet light to visible light to prevent degradation as well as boost performance. Even the cells illustrated the conversion efficiencies that reached to a level of 19% under standard illumination.
Most of the conventional studies witnessed stability tests that last just days or hours, “which are most of the times executed in a regulated environment – typically an inert environment, like argon or nitrogen,” says Griffini. In contrast to this, Griffini and his group identified that layered devices retained just their complete performance even after six months of ultraviolet radiation and humidity tests in the laboratory. As per Griffini, “We illustrated that one singular layering substance could stabilize perovskite solar cells in regular outdoor operations.”